Prepare for possible isolation in your home by having sufficient heating fuel; regular fuel sources may be cut off.
Winterize your home to extend the life of your fuel supply by insulating walls and attics, caulking and weather-stripping doors and windows, and installing storm windows or covering windows with plastic.
Winterize your house, barn, shed or any other structure that may provide shelter for your family, neighbors, livestock or equipment.
Insulate pipes with insulation or newspapers and plastic and allow faucets to drip a little during cold weather to avoid freezing.
Keep fire extinguishers on hand, and make sure everyone in your house knows how to use them. House fires pose an additional risk, as more people turn to alternate heating sources without taking the necessary safety precautions.
Learn how to shut off water valves (in case a pipe bursts).
Know ahead of time what you should do to help elderly or disabled friends, neighbors or employees.
Hire a contractor to check the structural ability of the roof to sustain unusually heavy weight from the accumulation of snow - or water, if drains on flat roofs do not work.
Prepare your car:
Check or have a mechanic check to ensure your vehicle is in good working order.
Install good winter tires. Make sure the tires have adequate tread. All-weather radials are usually adequate for most winter conditions.
Maintain at least a half tank of gas during the winter season.
Place a winter emergency kit in each car that includes:
windshield scraper and small broom
battery powered radio
extra hats, socks and mittens
First aid kit with pocket knife
tow chain or rope
road salt and sand
fluorescent distress flag
Dress for the weather:
Wear several layers of loose fitting, lightweight, warm clothing rather than one layer of heavy clothing. The outer garments should be tightly woven and water repellent.
Wear mittens, which are warmer than gloves.
Wear a hat.
Cover your mouth with a scarf to protect your lungs.
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